Question: What Is A Type 2 Fire Crew?

What is a Type 3 fire truck?

Type 3 Fire Engine.

A Type 3 fire engine is what you’ll see if you live in a mountainous or rural community.

Technically, a Type 3 fire engine includes a pump operating at 120 gpm, a large 500 gal/tank, 1000 ft.

1 1/2″ hose, 800 ft.

1″, and minimum of four firefighters..

How do you dig a fire line?

In building fireline, all fuels are removed and the surface is scraped to mineral soil on a strip between 6 inches and 3 feet wide, depending upon the fuel and slope. It needs to be wide enough to prevent smoldering, burning, or spotting by embers blowing or rolling across the line.

What is the passing score for firefighter exam?

80%A passing grade on the exam is a score of 80% or above on the written exam and a pass/fail on the physical abilities test.

Are Smokejumpers hotshots?

There are hundreds of smokejumpers in the U.S. who are all highly trained firefighters that parachute out of planes to quickly attack wildland fires in remote areas. … Hotshots and Smokejumpers are elite firefighters both battling wildfires before it spreads far enough to pose a threat.

What is initial attack?

Initial attack means the first attack on the fire. The number of resources sent on the first dispatch to a wildfire depends upon the location of the fire, the fuels in the area (vegetation, timber, homes, etc) and current weather conditions. … Most fires are caught within the first burn period (the first two hours).

What is a firefighter II certification?

Description. This 42-hour course prepares the participant to perform firefighting functions at an advanced nationally recognized level under general supervision.

What is a Type 2 IA Handcrew?

Type II IA simply means we are Initial Attack capable, 100% self sufficient and can split our crews into four separate modules with the appropriate leadership and qualifications.

What is the difference between Firefighter 1 and Firefighter 2?

The Firefighter 1 and Firefighter 2 Certifications use job performance requirements to measure the knowledge and skills needed as a firefighter. The Firefighter 1 Certificate covers basic fire service qualifications, while the Firefighter 2 Certificate involves more specialized areas and command.

Why do wildland firefighters wear yellow shirts?

Fire officials quickly switched the uniform color to yellow after aircraft mistook the orange for flames and dropped retardant on firefighters. The pants weren’t required until 1974. Today, the shirts and pants are made of heat-resistant, synthetic aramid fabric. … To keep dust, ash and debris out of firefighters’ eyes.

Why didn’t fire shelters work in Yarnell?

The 19 Arizona firefighters killed Sunday while trying to protect the town of Yarnell were forced to deploy fire shelters to try and save their lives. … Getting under the shelter too soon allows heat to build up and oxygen to be depleted, but delaying too long can catch firefighters out in the open.

What happened to the Granite Mountain Hotshots bodies?

The lives were lost in vain, leaving no explanation from which others could learn. Williams made sure that didn’t happen in Colorado. But in Arizona, the Granite Mountain Hotshots’ bodies were moved off the site within 24 hours.

What is a Type 3 wildland firefighter?

A Type 3 wildland fire engine is on site for a prescribed fire.

What is a Type 3 fire?

Type 3. Extended initial attack on wildland fires. IC walks the line between a manager and a ‘doer’ Resources may vary from several single resources to several task forces or strike teams. Some Command/General Staff positions (ie, Division Supervisor, Unit Leader), may be filled.

How did the 19 hotshots die?

Yavapai County, Arizona, U.S. The Yarnell Hill Fire was a wildfire near Yarnell, Arizona, ignited by dry lightning on June 28, 2013. On June 30, it overran and killed 19 members of the Granite Mountain Hotshots.

How wide is a fire line?

A general guideline for determining the width of a fireline is that it should be one and one half times as wide as the dominate fuel is high. The scraped portion of a fireline is generally one to three feet wide. However, in timber a fireline is generally 20 to 30 feet wide with a three to four foot scrape.

How many hours is Firefighter 2?

Education Required To become a fire fighter II, one must complete more than 200 hours of additional training in areas such as vehicle extraction and hazardous materials response.

How dangerous is being a hotshot?

Below are a few of the risks wildfire firefighters like the elite Hotshot crew face in the line of duty: … Heat: In extremely high temperatures and wearing heavy protective gear, firefighters often experience heat stress, which can lead to nausea, light-headedness and weakness.

What is a Type 2 firefighter?

The Firefighter Type 2 serves on a hand crew, engine crew, or helitack crew, performing fire suppression and fuels management duties in the most adverse climate, fuel, and terrain conditions.

What is a Type 1 fire crew?

National Park Service Hotshot Crews The most experienced Type 1 crews are known as interagency hotshot crews (IHCs). IHCs are diverse teams of career and temporary agency employees who uphold a tradition of excellence and have solid reputations as multi-skilled professional firefighters.

What is a hot shot fire crew?

The shelter is designed to reflect heat and trap cool breathable air inside for a few minutes while a wildfire burns over a person. … They have been specifically trained to respond to fires in remote regions with little or no logistical support. The US has 110 Hotshot crews, according to the US Forest Service website.

How much do hotshot crews get paid?

As federal workers, most pull down about $13 an hour, but their pay goes up during the heavy summer fire season, when they work 16-hour days “pretty much the whole time,” Segar says.